Born in 1954 in Poznan, a graduate of the University of Warsaw, where for many years he lectured in the Department of Polish Culture. Involved in "Solidarity" underground movement since 1980, since 1987 its leader on University of Warsaw and from March 1983 till 1989 editor in chief of underground weekly newspaper "Wola". Since 1989 a member of the national authorities of "Solidarity", in 1990 – chairman of the "Mazowsze" Region Managing Board.
In 1991, the Minister of Labour and Social Policy, from 1992 to 1993 he held the position of the Secretary of State in the same ministry, where he was responsible, inter alia, for labor market policy. Member of Parliament of the first tenure. Since 1995, the director of the Social Policy Reform Program at the Stefan Batory Foundation. Councillor of Centrum Commune of the municipal city of Warsaw in 1994-1996. From 1996 to 1997 Director and Member of the Institute of Public Affairs. From 1998 to 2001, the chief advisor to the Minister of Labour and Social Policy. By 2007, Enterprise Investors consultant in the field of human resource. Key expert cooperating in shaping of the National Development Plan and the National Action Plan for 2007-2013. By 2007, Lewiatan (Polish Confederation of Private Employers) advisor. From 2003 till 2007 member of the Governing Board in Eurofund, where he represented Polish employers. Expert in a labour market policy, also cooperated with the World Bank and OECD.
Since January 2008, the Secretary of State in the Prime Minister's Office. In 2009 appointed to the office of the Minister – a member of the Council of Ministers and Chairman of the Standing Committee of the Council of Ministers. Since 2008 he was the Head of Strategic Advisors to the Prime Minister. Under his leadership the team has conducted a socio-economic evaluation of Poland and has participated in the development of strategic plans of the government. Among some of the most important documents are: "Report on Polish Intellectual Capital", "Returner. Navigation for returning migrants", "Poland 2030. Development Challenges" and "Youth 2011".
The Minister of Administration and Digitization of Poland from 2011 till 2013. The host of the Congress of Freedom on the Internet, the organizer of the consultation on digital privacy and data protection, creator of the Governmental Operational Programme Digital Poland 2014-2020, which aims to foster internet development in Poland, author of the report "State 2.0 - a new start for e-administration" and many other government strategic documents. Successfully carried out in Poland digitization of public television, changed the law on public collections of money and goods more accessible and useful for citizens. Supported the acquisition of digital skills in the elderly and the introduction of science programming for children, as well as the creation of open public data register.
Former Chairman of Council on the Prevention of Racial Discrimination, Xenophobia and Related Intolerance, which was created in 2012 as a response to the problem visible in the public space – hate speech and actions motivated by intolerance targeting the representatives of minorities.